EPΩTOKPITOΣ [ero`tokritos] by Vincenzos Kornaros
Not very long ago, all cretans, in villages and cities could recite all this poetic theatre-drama by heart. Some of the elders, still do. Seferis has written a memorable introduction to the work. The language of EROTOKRITOS is mystifying, very idiosyncratic. I'd say it is impossible to translate.
folk poetry of 15-18th century
It would be useful to point out here, that greek folk poems are mostly inseparable from their music, and dance. Only when I tried to dance and sing them I really enjoyed their beauty. Listening to them, or just reading them, is a passive attitude which is very alien to folk art.
Poet. Byron wrote in english, of course. But in the hearts of the greeks, he is BYPΩN, not [b`airon]. Parents give his name to their children. His poems, translated, are taught at school and he is considered a greek par excellence.
SOLOMOS: the national poet - ΔIONYΣIOΣ ΣOΛΩMOΣ 1798-1857 [δio`nisios solo`mos]
Apart from his poetic merits, we also owe to him the consolidation of Demotic greek language for the centuries to come.
QUOTES: The nation must learn to consider 'national' what is true.Το έθνος πρέπει να μάθει να θεωρεί εθνικόν ό,τι είναι Αληθές. source: [Στοχασμός του ποιητή. Προλεγόμενα Ιάκωβου Πολυλά], XVI. Ποιήματα. Ίκαρος, 1961. 39. more of his quotes in greek by www.snhell.gr
Regas Velestinlis, a Vlach from town Velestino also called Ferae, hence Feraeos was a revolutionary mind, envisioned a United States of Balkans, wrote poems and revolutionary texts (in greek), was finally exterminated. You can see him at the 10cent greekversionEURO coin.
Captain and general of the Revolution of 1821, Makryiannis was an illiterate merchant who learned how to read and write in order to secretely record his mémoires. They are considered a monument of the spoken greek language.
Painting by Georgios Roilos (1867-1928) 'The Poets' (c.1919) oil on canvas, 130x179cm. Philological Institute 'Parnassos', Athens, Greece.
Poets of the '1880 generation' of greek literature. In the middle, Palamas leaning on his hand. All persons depicted from left to right: Georgios Stratigis, Georgios Drosinis, Ioannis Polemis, Kostis Palamas, Georgios Souris (the satirical poet) and Aristomenis Provelengios reading a poem.
PALAMAS: the father of a generation - KΩΣTHΣ ΠAΛAMAΣ 1859-1943 [ko`stis pala`mas]
Poet Kostis Palamas: Not only with his poems but also with his vast literary work, he cultivated and created standards for the contemporary greek language. He is also, the author of the poem that is today the Olympic Anthem.
SIKELIANOS the olympian - AΓΓEΛOΣ ΣIKEΛIANOΣ 1884-1951 [`aŋɟelos siceʎa`nos]
He revived the Delphi ancient festivities and the greek drama, which until his time was read but not performed. For Palamas' funeral he composes and recites his famous poem: [s af`to to `feretro akum`ba i el`aδa] (eng:upon this coffin Greece leans)
List of modern greek poets by wikipedia Check: Maria Polydouri (the companion of Karyotakis), Varnalis, Engonopoulos, Gatsos, Empeirikos, Karouzos, Anagnostakis and Kavadias: the poet of the seven seas!