LEXICON > Alexandria

  art.   pronunc. in IPA
arb.translit. adj.f. al iskandariyyah /eliskan`drija/
eng. n.   Alexandria  
gre.scr.mono. n.f. η Aλεξάνδρεια mod.gre: [aleˈksanðria]
gre.scr.poly. n.f. Ἀλεξάνδρεια  

ETYMOLOGY: From the anc.gre.adj.m-f-neu. scr.poly: ὁ Ἀλεξάνδρειoς - ἡ Ἀλεξάνδρεια - τὸ Ἀλεξάνδρειoν {D.GaG.ls.} mod.gre: [o ale`ksanδrios] [i ale`ksanδria] [to ale`ksanδrion] = The one of/by gre: Ἀλέξανδρoς translit: Alexandros = eng: Alexander, arb: al-iskander.
MEANING: Name of numerous cities built by Alexander, but mainly Alexandria of Egypt, built in 331 a.e.v.
Famous for the Museum gre.scr.poly: Moυσεῖoν [mu`sion], the greatest Library and study centre of hellenistic times. Here, alexandrian scholars produced a huge output of theses, commentaries, etc., on every aspect of human knowledge. The alexandrian 'grammarians' made additions and changes to the greek alphabet: minusculae letters appear, accent marks are introduced.
Alexandria was capital of Egypt till occupied by the Arabs in 642 e.v. After Egypt's (Misr) liberation from foreign powers in 1952, a small community of greeks still lives there. The greek poet Konstantinos Kavafis (1863-1933) was an alexandrian par excellence: his poetry expresses the compiled atmospheric nuances of the city in a characteristic alexandrine manner.
Alexandrias by wikipedia
Alexandria by wikipedia
Alexandria, Egypt by Alaa K. Ashmawy
Hellenic-hellenistic Alexandria GREECE
The Mouseion (the ancient library) and today's Library
Library of Alexandria (ancient) by wikipedia
Mouseion: Alexandrian Scholarship. Article by Ellen N. Brundige at Perseus
Maktaba aliskandariyya EGYPT - Bibliotheca Alexandrina in arabic french english
Biblioteca Alexandrina (today's library) by wikipedia
Pharos, one of the seven wonders
Lighthouse of Alexandria by wikipedia
Seven Wonders of the Ancient World by Alaa K. Ashmawy
Famous Alexandrines
Cleopatra VII
Cleopatra VII by wikipedia
Cleopatra by Alaa K. Ashmawy
Kavafis, poet
Hypatia and Alexandrine MATHEMATICIANS
Ktesibius the Alexandrine at SCIENCE (greek or aegyptian). The ancient Edison.

links checked in Aug 2007